Journal of Facade Design and Engineering https://jfde.eu/index.php/jfde <p>The <em>Journal of Facade Design and Engineering (JFDE)</em> presents new research results and new proven practice of the field of facade design and engineering. The goal is to improve building technologies, as well as process management and architectural design.</p> en-US editors@jfde.eu (Alessandra Luna Navarro) editors@jfde.eu (Alessandra Luna Navarro) Wed, 05 Oct 2022 17:47:41 +0200 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Selection of Exterior Wall System and MCDM Derived Decision https://jfde.eu/index.php/jfde/article/view/234 <p>In the field of construction practice, decisions regarding material selection frequently come down to a choice based on tradition, i.e. recommendations based on the experience of the engineers hired by an employer as designers, contractors, or energy efficiency engineers. In the presented research, in addition to the Employer, technical individuals were involved in the decision-making process. The harmonisation of Employer opinions and those of experts were obtained through NGT technique and Delphi based method, due to the fact that different criteria for a decision could represent a field of interest of an individual participant in the process. The result was determining the criteria, their strictness, and their weighted effect. As multi-criteria decision analysis has evolved into a powerful tool that assists decision-makers in generating “a cut above” choice in resolving specific cases and overcoming certain problems in the architectural and construction industry, the use of the MCDM method EDAS+ in the research ensured an exterior wall system ranking that was not influenced by experience or marketing.</p> <p>Without intending to favour any manufacturer of building materials, the research presents eight exterior wall systems belonging to different categories of core materials, all with individual features, similarities, and differences.</p> <p>When compared to otherwise arbitrary estimates or recommendations based on experience and the most commonly used building materials, the application of multi-criteria decision analysis in the case of exterior wall system selection for a particular 1938 Belgrade building generated more relevant selection results.</p> Anđelka Štilić, Igor Štilić Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jfde.eu/index.php/jfde/article/view/234 Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Towards a Human Centred Approach for Adaptive Façades https://jfde.eu/index.php/jfde/article/view/235 <p>Adaptive façades are multifunctional systems that are able to change their functions, features, or behaviour over time in response to changing boundary conditions or performance requirements. As one of the significant developments in the façade industry over the last decade, the adaptive façade offers an intelligent solution that can decrease energy consumption and potentially increase users’ comfort in a building. From an engineering perspective, these advanced technologies aim to improve the overall performance of the building while generating a better indoor environment for the users, but unfortunately, investigations show that this goal is not always achieved. This is why, to bridge this performance gap, we embark on a change of perspective in façade design, from a technology-centred to a human-centred one. This research emphasizes that, with their changeability aspects, adaptive façade technologies offer unique potential, although the design of such façades requires a deeper understanding of users. With this as its focus, this paper aims to identify the factors affecting the user experience in a working environment, considering the interactions of the user with building services and façade systems from a holistic point of view, in which façade-user relationships are to be distinguished, towards the larger aim of developing a human-centred approach for adaptive façade design.</p> Mine Koyaz, Alejandro Prieto, Aslıhan Ünlü, Ulrich Knaack Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jfde.eu/index.php/jfde/article/view/235 Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0200