Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration from another journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format. Both anonymised and non anonymised files have been submitted for the double blind review.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The article follows the template provided by JFDE provided in the Author Guidelines
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • When research involves human participants, the ethical approval has been granted. Articles involving human subjects without ethical approval will be rejected.
  • The author holds the copyright for all the images and figure in the manuscript or permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).

Author Guidelines

1       Author guidelines

Template: Paper Template 2022

1.1      Submission of Manuscripts

All manuscripts and any supplementary material should be submitted to the editorial office ([email protected]), through the Open Journal System at the following link:

To be able to use the OJS to submit a manuscript, you will need to register as a user and create a profile. Please do not forget to choose the role as author. After the profile is created and you are logged in, you can proceed with the 5-step submission process, by clicking at the “New Submission” button at the “Submissions” tab.

  1. Upload Submission (a word processor file of the text, such as Word, WordPerfect.)Please upload all your supplementary files (figures files etc.) here as well. If more convenient, you may upload all pictures as a .zip file.
  2. Enter Metadata (eg. enter all authors names and affiliations).

For any questions, please contact us at [email protected]

1.2      Required files 

The following electronic files are required:

  • A word processor file of the text, such as Word, WordPerfect, both anonymised and not for double blind review.
  • Separate files of all figures and table (if any) must also be submitted in “Step 4. Uploading Supplementary Files”; If more convenient, you may upload all Supplementary files as one .zip file
  • See “Figures” for the required file formats.
  • Table should be provided as a separate, editable word file
  • Note that the manuscript should also be sent as one Word documents file with tables and figures included. Please also add a PDF of the same document.

1.3      Ensuring a Blind Review

To ensure the integrity of the double blind peer-review for submission to this press, every effort should be made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other. The authors, editors, and reviewers (who upload documents as part of their review) should check to see if the following steps have been taken with regard to the text and the file properties:

  • The authors of the document have deleted their names from the text
  • If Acknowledgments are present, these have also been removed.
  • Any reference within the paper that can be used to identify the authors has been removed.
  • With Microsoft Office documents, author identification should also be removed from the properties for the file (see under File in Word), by clicking on the following, beginning with File on the main menu of the Microsoft application: File > Save As > Tools (or Options with a Mac) > Security > Remove personal information from file properties on save > Save.
  • With PDFs, the authors' names should also be removed from Document Properties found under File on Adobe Acrobat's main menu.

1.4      Colour figures

It is possible to have figures printed in colour. See Preparation of Manuscripts for the required file formats.

1.5      Open Access 

Journal papers will be published Open Access (OA) option.

They will be licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 International License

The article will be freely available from the moment it is published, also in the pre-press module. 

An article processing charge (APC) is required for the accepted papers. Exemptions may apply. Please contact [email protected]

2  Preparation of manuscripts

Papers should be between 4000 and 8000 words in length.

2.1      Organization of the paper and style of presentation

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are advised to seek the advice of a native English speaker, before submitting their manuscripts.

Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc., should be numbered. However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections. Try to avoid the excessive use of italics and bold face.

Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:

  • Title  (should be clear, descriptive and not too long)
  • Abstract; should be clear, descriptive, self-explanatory and not longer than 200 words, it should also be suitable for publication in abstracting services
  • Keywords
  • Body of text (divided by subheadings)
    • Introduction
    • Methodology
    • Experiment/ research
    • Results
    • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Tables

Headings and subheadings should be numbered and typed on a separate line, without indentation.

SI units should be used, i.e., the units based on the metre, kilogramme, second, etc.

2.2      Tables

Each table should be provided as a separate, editable word file. Tables should also be included in the text, close to their respective reference in the text.
Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title. Number as Table 1, Table 2 etc, and refer to all of them in the text.

Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

  • Each Table should have a self-explanatory caption. Use the “TABLE Caption” style. Do not use automated numbering, as it is included in the style.

2.3      Figures

Number figures as FIG. 1, FIG. 2, etc. and refer to all of them in the text.
Each figure should be provided as a separate file. Figures should also be included in the text, in smaller file size if needed.
Colour figures can be included. For the file formats of the figures please take the following into account:

  • Line art should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi, save as EPS, PDF or TIFF
  • Greyscales (incl. photos) should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (no lettering), or 500 dpi (when there is lettering);
  • Do not save figures as JPEG, this format may lose information in the process
  • Do not use figures taken from the Internet, the resolution will be too low for printing
  • Do not use colour in your figures if they are to be printed in black & white, as this will reduce the print quality (note that in software often the default is colour, you should change the settings)
  • For figures that should be printed in colour, please send a CMYK encoded EPS or PDF for graphs or drawings, PNG or TIFF for images.

Figures should be designed with the format of the page of the journal in mind. They should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.
On maps and other figures where a scale is needed, use bar scales rather than numerical ones, i.e., do not use scales of type 1:10,000. This avoids problems if the figures need to be reduced.

Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity.

2.4      References

For reference please use APA 7 style. 

2.4.1      Reference list:

Journal article, two authors, accessed online:

Sanchez, D., & King-Toler, E. (2007). Addressing disparities consultation and outreach strategies for university settings. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(4), 286-295. doi:10.1037/1065-9293.59.4.286

Books in print:

Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Dissertation  (accessed online):

Young, R. F. (2007). Crossing boundaries in urban ecology: Pathways to sustainable cities. (Doctoral dissertation).

Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database. (UMI No. 327681)

For more information see:

2.5     Footnotes

Footnotes should only be used if absolutely essential. In most cases, it is possible to incorporate the information into the text. 
If used, they should be numbered in the text, indicated by superscript numbers and kept as short as possible.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.