binow bitar
Circular, biomimicry-based, and energy-efficient façade development for renovating terraced dwellings in the Netherlands





Circular Façade Design, Open-joint ventilated façade, Circular Energy Renovation, Biomimicry, Design for Disassembly, Urban Mining, Life Cycle Energy Performance


Many studies concerning lowering the Operational Energy (OE) of existing dwellings have been conducted. However, those studies barely cover its collateral Embodied Energy (EE). As the Circular Economy is gaining momentum and the balance between OE and EE is shifting, the Life Cycle Energy Performance (LCEP) is becoming increasingly relevant as an indicator. LCEP accounts for all the OE and EE a building consumes during its lifespan. However, clear insights into the LCEP are still to be investigated. This study focuses on developing a circular and energy-efficient renovation solution for a common terraced dwelling typology in the Netherlands. The energy-efficient renovation is based on three circular strategies: Biomimicry, Urban Mining, and Design for Disassembly (DfD), covering the aspects of EE and future reuse of building materials and components. The developed renovation solution reduces 82% of the LCEP compared to the existing scenario. With additional photovoltaic (PV) modules, the dwelling reduces 100% of the LCEP. Applying biomimicry, urban mining, and DfD-based renovation can significantly lower the overall LCEP and its collateral environmental impacts to achieve a Life Cycle Zero Energy circular renovation.

How to Cite

Binow Bitar, A. L., Bergmans, I., & Ritzen, M. (2022). Circular, biomimicry-based, and energy-efficient façade development for renovating terraced dwellings in the Netherlands. Journal of Facade Design and Engineering, 10(1), 75–105.





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